These photos sparked a Cold War propaganda feud

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Vox

महीने पहले

In 1961, Life magazine photographed systemic poverty in Brazil. One Brazilian magazine responded with a similar report - featuring photos of New York City.

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Life magazine, then the most popular general interest weekly in the United States, announced in 1961 that it wanted to help win the Cold War. Communist revolutionary Fidel Castro had taken control of Cuba two years earlier, making nearby Latin American countries the newest battleground over economic influence between the capitalist US and communist Soviet Union. The magazine wanted to promote President John F. Kennedy’s new “Alliance for Progress” financial aid program, which planned to use financial incentives to encourage Latin American countries to resist communism and fall under US influence.

As part of its new mission, Life sent photographer Gordon Parks to Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, to report on systemic poverty there. His resulting photo essay, and in particular his main subject, 12-year-old Flavio da Silva, was hugely popular in the US. Life’s readers, moved by the photos of Flavio and his story of struggling with severe asthma, mailed in thousands in donations to “save him.” The leading pediatric asthma hospital in the US, in Denver, Colorado, offered to treat him for free. A follow-up cover story by Life, titled “Flavio’s Rescue,” celebrated American generosity.

But Brazilian media saw the photo essay as a negative, stereotypical view of Brazil. Brazilian magazine O Cruzeiro - a weekly publication that, like Life, featured photographic essays - decided to respond to Life’s report. O Cruzeiro sent one of its photographers, Henri Ballot, to New York. There, he photographed a family of Puerto Rican immigrants living in a poor area of Manhattan, and O Cruzeiro printed the photos in a layout that directly copied Life’s. When examined side by side, the two photo essays - and the international feud they kicked off - tell a story of sensationalism, and propaganda.

Ultimately, US intervention in Latin American in the 1960s didn’t work out as Kennedy hoped. The Alliance for Progress sent Latin American countries billions of dollars in financial aid, but it didn’t end up benefiting the people living in the region, and by the 1970s was considered a failure. Like the two photo essays, the initiative was more about propaganda than it was about addressing the root causes of poverty.

The Flávio Story, co-published by Steidl Books and The Gordon Parks Foundation:
steidl.de/Books/The-Flavio-St...

Darkroom is a history and photography series that anchors each episode around a single image. Analyzing what the photo shows (or doesn't show) provides context that helps unravel a wider story. Watch previous episodes here: www.youtube.com/playlist?list...

Note: The headline on this piece has been updated.
Previous headline: These photos sparked an international magazine feud

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टिप्पणियाँ
Vox
Vox महीने पहले
We’re excited to introduce a third season of Darkroom! Our photography and history series has a whole new batch of photos to unpack for you - keep an eye out in the coming weeks for the real story of how the American bison almost became extinct, and a closer look at the most analyzed photo of all time: the famous “backyard photo” depicting John F Kennedy’s assassin, Lee Harvey Oswald. See you soon. -Coleman
Cristian Castellanos
Cristian Castellanos 16 दिन पहले
@BukPlayz nmanammqlkwlo es lwl
UnwrittenSpade
UnwrittenSpade महीने पहले
This is one of the most interesting series on the web PERIOD!
Matthews Hannah
Matthews Hannah महीने पहले
Oo
J Hoang
J Hoang महीने पहले
I’m hooked! Keep it coming!
Ishbel
Ishbel महीने पहले
Can't tell you how excited I am for this series.
Marnielle Lloyd Estrada
Marnielle Lloyd Estrada 9 घंटे पहले
Brazil's response could have been more powerful if it featured a white family.
J.A. Hemlock
J.A. Hemlock 22 घंटे पहले
Awesome! Thank you!!! Hugs❤️❤️❤️ was perfectly timed!
XnonXte
XnonXte दिन पहले
The point of the Video is that Every country has their own poverties, Not only for the Poor or rich country, Developing or not. It's about Respecting every country, Whatever their Skin color, Their Race. Or religion.
Mr. Garrison
Mr. Garrison 2 दिन पहले
All evil is kept alive by spreading Marxism communism
Rizwan Ali
Rizwan Ali 2 दिन पहले
A wonderful story as always. there are plenty more examples from other countries where the USA and their allied corporation did "helped win the Cold War". i wonder what they are doing now to win the "New Cold War" against China.
Lisa Love Ministries
Lisa Love Ministries 3 दिन पहले
1 Corinthians 15:3-5👑 “For I delivered to you first of all that which I also received: that Christ died for our sins according to the Scriptures, and that He was buried, and that He rose again the third day according to the Scriptures, and that He was seen by Cephas, then by the twelve.”
x D
x D 3 दिन पहले
In 1:01 map is inaccurate because Poland, Eastern Germany and Czechoslovakia were all part of USSR.
Spaghetti Bird
Spaghetti Bird 3 दिन पहले
USA leave Latin America alone challenge
Cod4 Wii
Cod4 Wii 4 दिन पहले
The Cold War is still ongoing!
No other Like my own skin
No other Like my own skin 5 दिन पहले
Real good choice
No other Like my own skin
No other Like my own skin 5 दिन पहले
More idea like this video
No Means No
No Means No 6 दिन पहले
The narrator's pronunciation of 'manchete' deeply annoys me.
MTA Charlie
MTA Charlie 10 दिन पहले
8:15 They really said "come to Brazil"
Greg Lock
Greg Lock 15 दिन पहले
Vox should do a similar project of Jeff Bezos and Elon Musk building rockets to go into space while children nation wide live in extreme poverty. Show their kids attending the best schools in the country, while the majority of US children attend Drop out factories.
ام اليتامه
ام اليتامه 15 दिन पहले
السلام عليكم ورحمه الله وبركاته انا اختكم من سوريا واسكن في مخيمات ⛺اللجوء على حدود تركيه و اطلب منكم المساعده من مال الله يا ☝️ محسنين انا يوجد عندي خمس بنت ولا. يوجد معي الا الله وزوجي في السجن⛓️ النظام اطلب منكم ساعدوني في اي شيء يطلع من خاطرك م جوهت عليكم الله 🙏 تساعدوني يا اللي 😔 بيحب يساعدني لوجه الله يترك رغم في التعليق وانا بحكي معو😔😔
JACKJOMJAM
JACKJOMJAM 17 दिन पहले
Also in Thailand.
Goran Rukljač
Goran Rukljač 17 दिन पहले
You mean... JUST LIKE THIS CHANNEL? 😄
DaLatinoBrother _16
DaLatinoBrother _16 17 दिन पहले
US: shows poverty in Brazil. Brazil: shows poverty in US. US: No. This isn't how you supposed to play the game.
Ramona Pschowski
Ramona Pschowski 19 दिन पहले
📺🇩🇪🇩🇪🇩🇪🇩🇪🇩🇪🇩🇪🇩🇪🇩🇪🇩🇪🇩🇪🇩🇪🇩🇪🇩🇪🇩🇪🇩🇪🇩🇪🇩🇪🇩🇪🇩🇪🇩🇪🇩🇪🇩🇪🇩🇪🇩🇪🇩🇪🇩🇪🇩🇪🇩🇪🇩🇪🇩🇪🇩🇪🇩🇪🇩🇪🇩🇪🇩🇪🇩🇪🇩🇪🇩🇪🇩🇪🇩🇪🇩🇪🇩🇪
Nick Forcino
Nick Forcino 20 दिन पहले
YAAAAY DARK ROOM IS BACK!
Saulo Herrera
Saulo Herrera 20 दिन पहले
Love this section!!!!
worldtotheend
worldtotheend 22 दिन पहले
Communism, Capitalism and Democracy at certain levels are all make sense in the minds of ordinary citizens, given the right time period, the state of economic prosperity as well as political climate. Given recent china's rise as global economic power, the idea of multi party democratic governance is in question. Just how long can a democratic government can last this millenium? History has proven that a monarchy based system tend to last very long, despite the heavy price their people had to pay to keep it. Is there any way we can combine all the best qualities those exist in these different governance system?
No other Like my own skin
No other Like my own skin 22 दिन पहले
What happened in USA American politics after 2021 President to date? What happened with USA soil? What going on in Japan relationship in USA? What going on in South Korean relationship in USA? What going on in Thailand relationship in USA? What going on in India relationship in USA? What going on in Nepal relationship in USA? What going on in China relationship in USA? What going on in Hong Kong relationship in USA? What going on in Near Asian Countries that did not say relationship in USA?
F. OPE
F. OPE 24 दिन पहले
Alliance for Progress failed to increase American influence in the region? No way. It was fundamental in helping finding solidifying in before they helped organize the 1960s and 1970s coups.
Shale
Shale 26 दिन पहले
Based Brazilian Magazine
Jose Blevins
Jose Blevins 26 दिन पहले
Lucas Toledo
Lucas Toledo 26 दिन पहले
talk more about Brazil pleeeease
Claire Magnuson
Claire Magnuson 26 दिन पहले
I have to admit, the difference between the original photospread and the smiling flavio in colorado is striking. like, REALLY striking. As a viewer myself, even though I know there's about to be more added to the story, it was really impactful to see Flavio smiling such a beautiful smile and clearly in better health than the original photos. Obviously I know photography tactics play into this, but he just looks so happy and healthy in that swing, and even in that hospital bed (which are not the happiest of places!), that you just can't help but feel glad. I'm 21; I'm not even a mother, and I don't have any younger siblings, but this helped show me how we're all moved by the plights and hopes of children
Dima Matat
Dima Matat 26 दिन पहले
And the only thing they achieved was showing that povery is a big issue on both halves of america.
make it make sense
make it make sense 26 दिन पहले
If America was smart they would be investing in infrastructure through south america and Canada like china
make it make sense
make it make sense 26 दिन पहले
THIS MUST BE A MOVIE
make it make sense
make it make sense 26 दिन पहले
Would love to know more about Luce and Parks.
Cali Indica
Cali Indica 27 दिन पहले
in my humble opinion, capitalism tends to create more poverty than socialism or communism. in socialism/communism, living standards/cost of living are low and everyone is equally mediocre so there's really no poverty. in capitalism, cost of living is high and low wage earners have a difficult time getting by, which results in poverty. so if you wanna live a life of rap video, go with capitalism. if u r easily content, socialism/communism is right for you.
Abdelmoniem Elshamy
Abdelmoniem Elshamy 27 दिन पहले
Dark Room is peak Vox 👏
Pritam PTR
Pritam PTR 28 दिन पहले
This way western countries show India as a poor country. Of course poverty is a huge problem. But there are bright sides too but they will not highlight those.
Pritam PTR
Pritam PTR 28 दिन पहले
Wow!
Thomas Zadro
Thomas Zadro 28 दिन पहले
Brazil has a long history of paying back to the US. One might find this childish, but when the US introduced a new policy, taking photos from every traveler entering the country, I laughed my aas of, seeing in Sao Paulo three lines for emigration: Brazilian, Rest of the World, US. Just guess, in which line photos were taken ;-)
F. OPE
F. OPE 24 दिन पहले
Brazil always did that when it came to travelers, it had a reciprocal policy. This only changed recently with bootlicker Bolsonaro
Guilherme Clausem Ortiz
Guilherme Clausem Ortiz 28 दिन पहले
Just made me love being Brazilian a little more. We r cool, layback and hospitable. Buuuuut, if u come for us we are going to make the most shadiest passive aggressive move you can ever imagine hahahaha
James Liu
James Liu 28 दिन पहले
its absolutely mindblowing that cold war built up uncommon battlegrounds like this.
Max Rocha
Max Rocha 28 दिन पहले
Fun fact: The U.S. continues to intervene in Latin America's media, politics and elections, just check out how the FBI influenced the car wash investigations in Brazil and helped elect the genocide president we have in power right now. Awesome video btw.
Gabriel Azevedo
Gabriel Azevedo 28 दिन पहले
That's such an amazing story
ndjk
ndjk 29 दिन पहले
This is so, so, soooo good.
directormbj
directormbj 29 दिन पहले
Crude reality is that both countries after 50 years have extreme poverty
street potato
street potato 29 दिन पहले
the US does this to every other country even till this day.
doodskie999
doodskie999 29 दिन पहले
Usa: were taking you out from Brazil Brazil: No, we bring Brazil to you
Caio D. Andrade
Caio D. Andrade 29 दिन पहले
America has a big problem using big words, like the greatest generation, it leads a society wide normalization of this idea that north americans are the best.
Conrad Bröder
Conrad Bröder 29 दिन पहले
I am brazilian and i had no idea about this incredible history.
Meta tron
Meta tron 29 दिन पहले
What are the root causes of poverty?
Meta tron
Meta tron 26 दिन पहले
@Yusha Rencuzogullari how does capitalism cause poverty?
Meta tron
Meta tron 26 दिन पहले
@Yusha Rencuzogullari people were poor before capitalism even existed.
h0lda
h0lda महीने पहले
So what happened to all the money sent to Latin America?
Scott
Scott महीने पहले
0:46 why is South-West Africa shown as independent in 1959?
reddit r
reddit r महीने पहले
Fun fact: Despite how much the US tries to destroy brazil even supporting their dictatorship the brazillian government loves the US
Derpy Bear
Derpy Bear महीने पहले
0:47 - What is this line indicating the so called western hemisphere, Apparently the western hemisphere begins exactly where East Germany stops? Also why is Rome, Berlin, Vienna or Stoockholm not in the Western Hemisphere. This is a terrible map, it's just made up.
Manuel
Manuel 27 दिन पहले
That's were the prime meridian is located? Have you ever seen a map?
Shironeri Silk
Shironeri Silk महीने पहले
Basically, the explanation for this is: ''The West'' is defined by the US and the countries they choose to be associated with them (like the rich European countries and Japan) in the ''developed world''. But instead of actually drawing honest lines based on economics they use nonsensical pseudo geographical lines such as ''The West'' and ''Global South'' that only reflect economics and politics but still carry the ''neutral'', absolute, geographical connotation they want. And then we end up with situations like you mentioned and also stuff like Central and South America not being considered part of ''The West'' even though ALL countries in those regions had their cultures as molded by Europe like US culture itself was.
Satyamev Jayate
Satyamev Jayate महीने पहले
They even should the cremation ceremony of the peoples who died due to Corona virus in India. Will they show the same for America or England.
Kyle McCune
Kyle McCune महीने पहले
Talking about history that was in a different nation than you are attributing this information to and associating it with everyone who shares even a little similarities with the information doesn’t help any problems.
GamyH
GamyH महीने पहले
@Vox You mean Puerto Rican Migrants, since we've been American since the 1900s
J D
J D महीने पहले
Why cant we all get along and love eachother? Ohh yeah, the rich greedy pay their hitmen and media manipulators.. all for money and power. abolish our govts. put good people in power. get rid of money
L.O.V.E Drive
L.O.V.E Drive महीने पहले
Let's admit every country has poverty no matter how up to date the country is
Thom van Damme
Thom van Damme महीने पहले
1:46 Guus Meeuwis?
snakelama
snakelama महीने पहले
720 comments on a video with 350k views? smells like view botting
Fabio Prestel
Fabio Prestel महीने पहले
I was shocked to see a part of our history through this episode. It was as usual an untouchable work, but also a way to show politics as it really seems. Congratulations, again.
AfroSamurai
AfroSamurai महीने पहले
Is that Sinead O'Connor on the cover?
Scar
Scar महीने पहले
Side note: you can tell how there is a difference between their photography style, and it feels different from one another. And that’s cool
Meghan
Meghan महीने पहले
What else is new, USA highlighting what's wrong with other countries so that their own people will be blinded and ignore that same thing happens there. Over reporting what's happening elsewhere and under reporting what's happening right at home makes people feel better about themselves.
21 Manpreet Singh
21 Manpreet Singh महीने पहले
*Uno reverse card*
SkyProtonFood
SkyProtonFood महीने पहले
"Puerto Rican immigrants?"
Isi
Isi महीने पहले
USA: we are the good guys! Everyone else: Go away I do not have oil!
Allei Floyd
Allei Floyd महीने पहले
Oof this story gives big "white man's burden" vibes.
野心大統領 🅥
野心大統領 🅥 महीने पहले
*kiss ur vegene from superpower 2020 INDIA...*
Maple Maple
Maple Maple महीने पहले
Could you explain more?
King Ashley
King Ashley महीने पहले
YES BRAZIL FOR BEING PETTY AND MESSY ✨✨✨
Igor Souza
Igor Souza महीने पहले
That is the most brazilian thing i've seen today.
TECH DOABLES
TECH DOABLES महीने पहले
Beautiful work
Facta non verba
Facta non verba महीने पहले
This was not a market dispute
Miguelito
Miguelito महीने पहले
Fun fact , the catacumba favela does not exist anymore , it's population was moved to Cidade de Deus (yes the one from the movie) as an atempt to "defafelize" Rio
Dimas Abrianno
Dimas Abrianno महीने पहले
Life : OMG! See what we take in Brazil! O Cruzeiro : OH YES! Please call an AMBULANCE, BUT NOT FOR ME!
Lucas Rodrigues
Lucas Rodrigues महीने पहले
3 years after that, fearing the "socialist threat" the militaries strikes the 1964 Brazilian coup d'état. The USA government supported the coup.
Ádhamh Ó Conchobhair
Ádhamh Ó Conchobhair महीने पहले
Please do a video on the atrocities the British committed in Ireland
Dhruv Gupta
Dhruv Gupta महीने पहले
Should authoritarian countries commiting genocide be leaders of the UN simply because of the fact that they are strong militarily and economically ??
VTTeach13
VTTeach13 महीने पहले
@7:15 "Puerto Rican Immigrants" really Vox?
Sanket Sudke
Sanket Sudke महीने पहले
BBC creates such documentaries/photos etc... about India all the time. I hope one day we too respond like the Brazilians.
Maanas Mathen George
Maanas Mathen George महीने पहले
I am an Indian. When other country portray India, they always show it's bad side. The slum, the poverty etc. We too have bright sides.
Ss_wip
Ss_wip महीने पहले
Make a video on how U.S lost to the talibans
Ss_wip
Ss_wip महीने पहले
Hey you guys should make a video on Afghanistan
Vinício Imbriani
Vinício Imbriani महीने पहले
Brasil porraaaaaaaaa!!!!!!!!!!! Não vamo deixar americano nenhum pagar de bonzinho pra cima da gente, krlh
Greg Hawkins
Greg Hawkins महीने पहले
Stop calling people by their last names. Call them by their first names.
David Marquez
David Marquez महीने पहले
*I'm sorry but this video makes the same sins that both magazines did back then. How can you say that "Alianza para el Progreso" was a "failure"? I am Venezuelan and I know my country's history very well. Those years were the most successful years for Venezuela. The alliance with America brought incredible progress and wealth to my country. Now, it didn't last and that has nothing to do with America or "American Interventionism" as you American progressives want to call it without real facts. Systematic Poverty in third world countries and in Countries like America has different roots and causes.*
savvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvva
savvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvva महीने पहले
“It was about politics and not about the root causes of poverty”.... ummmm it’s 2021. Do we really need to be told that? I think these things are obvious and everyone is educated about it... cmon vox. But the visuals are spectacular as always!
Fedor Russel
Fedor Russel महीने पहले
Well that clearly didn't work out
PascalMara1
PascalMara1 महीने पहले
Propraganda everywhere.
Cabelo Maluco
Cabelo Maluco महीने पहले
Much love from Brasil
Raquel Torres
Raquel Torres महीने पहले
The us: let's give money to stop porvety in LA *gives money to military coup d'etats* Military dictatorships happening in LA for 20+ years that worsen the problem with inequality The us *pikachu surprised face*
F. OPE
F. OPE 21 दिन पहले
They started the dictatorships. Or do you think it's a coincidence that all countries were democratic in 1960 and then between 1964 and 1973 they fell to dictatorships like dominoes wherever the Alliance for Progress's money had touched.
Keqing
Keqing महीने पहले
When americans wanted to stop communism but didn't stop ccp for rising up
Vibe City 代違ピ
Vibe City 代違ピ महीने पहले
care to explain
Megan tha Creator
Megan tha Creator महीने पहले
Wow. Just wow. I love this channel.
Jim Jim
Jim Jim महीने पहले
This was one of the biggest "No u" I've ever seen
Tom Souza
Tom Souza महीने पहले
OMG! Não conhecia essa história! Realmente, no guarda-roupa zoa brasileiro e fica impune!!!
EyeLean5280
EyeLean5280 महीने पहले
Wonderful!
Enrique Alex
Enrique Alex महीने पहले
life magzine = global times
Naveen Pethuraj
Naveen Pethuraj महीने पहले
Both are cared about their national image rather than their own people
Jannah Loraine Canayon
Jannah Loraine Canayon महीने पहले
Aahhh ☕ the good days of media.
LegendaryLendi 3134
LegendaryLendi 3134 महीने पहले
The children were those, who suffer!
LegendaryLendi 3134
LegendaryLendi 3134 महीने पहले
The children had to suffer the most!
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